मार्दव धर्म स्वरूप

यहाँ दीनता का क्या अर्थ है और किस प्रकार वह विरोधी भाव है?


Here it refers to the feeling of being miserable i.e. being wretchedly unhappy or uncomfortable.

This is a virodhi bhaav because misery or being in a state of misery arises on account of one’s own lack of understanding of the soul.

Pride arises when one mistakes material gains as ones own permanent gains and views others who have less material gains lowly than himself/herself.

Misery arises when one feels dejected on lack of ones own material gains and feels as if he is lowly or less respectable than others around him. For example, A person having a cycle feeling sad when he sees that all of his other friends own a bike.

Mardav dharm advises the soul to realize that the soul should neither be haughty nor should be miserable since both are not the qualities of the soul.

The soul remains the same even when it owns huge temporary material gains or 0 temporary material possessions.

Therefore, being proud or miserable is not in tune with mardav dharma.


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मान /घमंड / Ego


यद्यपि ऐसा नियम नहीं है कि आज किसी को दीनता का भाव हो और भविष्य में उसे वे संयोग (जिनके अभाव में वह अपने आप [आत्मा] को दीन मान रहा हो) प्राप्त हो जाए तो उसका अभिमान करें ही करें, लेकिन वर्तमान में जो दीनता का अनुभव हो रहा है वह निश्चित रूप से इस बात को बताता है कि ‘यदि आज वे संयोग (नाम, रूप, बल, ऋद्धि आदि) होते तो मैं भी कुछ…’

This assumption is always there in any inferiority complex; which is what makes it a form of pride.